Do not let the rain Pamper your visit to Llandudno, North Wales

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never seems to stop raining at the moment, but in Llandudno, North Wales has some great attractions to enjoy whatever the weather. The city of North Wales’s premier beach resort, and plenty of great attractions to enjoy when the rain falls art museums from the latest movies.

There is always a show of Venue Cymru whether you are looking for adult entertainment, or something for the kids. North Wales is a regular stopping place in the country’s best comedians and bands. The theater also offers high-quality cuisine has its own restaurant, so you can make a whole day if you want.

If bowling is more your thing, then Llandudno’s Mostyn Champneys retail Superbowl located in the park just south of Parc Llandudno. Eight bands, as well as an on-site restaurant and bar. Discounts are available for multiple games.

The great art visit Oriel Mostyn which is close to the city center. There is a wide range of contemporary art old, and regular exhibitions of local artists. Oriel Mostyn is the largest independently funded art gallery in Wales. The gallery is open Tuesday through Saturday from 10: 00-13: 00 and 13: 30-17: 00th

The Home Front Museum describes in detail what life was like for the locals during the Second World War. The museum has a wide variety of objects and memorabilia during the World War II. The museum is easily accessible by foot and a few minutes walk from the city center.

The current movies, visit Cineworld Llandudno is located in the nearby town of Llandudno Junction. The nine cinema screens in the multiplex regular mix of existing and children’s movies. Every Saturday morning a special children’s movie where entry is only a pound apiece, great for the whole family. Plenty of places to grab a meal next to the cinema three fast-food restaurants.

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Source by Christopher Best

Top 5 gift ideas Peru Vacation

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Most people travel to Peru will probably want to buy a souvenir to take home to remind them of Peru Vacation. We’ve compiled a short list of five alternative (and reasonably priced) gift ideas that might be worth.

You will notice when you arrive in the city of Cusco on your way to Machu Picchu to be overwhelmed by hawkers trying to sell all sorts of things. You will soon learn to say “non gracias” as you walk the many cobbled streets of the historic center, the locals trying to sell anything approaching finger puppets large alpaca rugs.

Many of the goods, you will see that stores are packed around the Plaza de Armas mass produced items, some made in Peru, but the majority imported from Bolivia where factories mass-produce items only for the tourist market.

Most of the items are low-quality and cheap, but there are some bargains to be had, and it takes time to look around you can get a great gift to treasure for years to come.

inside a living in Cusco, here are five tips tops quality alternative gift Peru vacation.

1) Baby Alpaca Clothing

alpaca wool is used extensively in Peru for the production of it was high-quality clothing and is widely used in the United States and Europe, before they fleece the invention. Around located in the colonial center of Cusco, you will find many quality shops selling alpaca clothing. Stores such as Kuna, Sol Alpaca, Alpaca Galarie Latina and a real treasure retailers alpaca products. Baby Alpaca the softest materials available and are noticeably higher standard that regular alpaca products. Although some items of clothing are quite expensive, smaller items such as gloves and scarves really very favorable (US $ 20-30), and a large, elegant gift. Avoid street stalls and small shops, because the material is happy to claim the baby alpaca (member) when really it is something totally different.

2) Peruvian handmade jewelry

Jewellry another item that you will see for sale in almost every Cusco street corner. The quality elements can vary greatly and are often difficult to decide whether they want to spend the price is right, or too much. So where do you go for quality jewelery that I can not see the green light as soon as you get home? We recommend that you should check Ilaria, an Italian-owned jewelry store that specializes in products made of pure silver. All the items for sale handmade jewelry Ilaria Peru in Lima factory, and each piece is unique. Although the shop is very expensive items, such as large mirrors and candle holders etc. We also have a nice selection of very small items such as rings, earrings and bracelets beautiful. I have picked up really nice jewelry there are around US $ 30 – 50. Hand-made in Peru by an Italian designer – what could be more beautiful! Larcomar Lima main square and the main business is easy to find in Cusco.

3) the unique Peruvian pottery handmade

The Urubamba in the Sacred Valley of the family-owned business Seminario, a Peruvian pottery company that was producing one-off hand-painted things. The owner Pablo and his wife have been together a nice piece of unique ceramics of the Peruvian tourism market for years, and now world-famous multicolored export opportunities for products from all over the world. The main square of Cusco you can head to the flagship store (next to McDonalds and Peru Rail), where you can browse the many pieces of beautiful items for sale. Small gift does not cost more than US $ 15-20 and include cups, plates, picture frames, ashtrays and mugs, etc. If you want to splash out a bit and US $ 100 and get a really colorful three-piece wall decoration or maybe a nice big bowl of fruit.

4) Ayacucho style of knitting

The different regions of Peru specialize in different things! Ayacucho is famous for its style handmade knitted products, which can make an excellent gift. While not the easiest to find products in streets of the mountain of other knitted products Cusco, is worth the time to look around. Ayacucho knitted alpaca products are typically subject to regular and wool, and a vibrant color that features endured the carrier. The pillowcase sets back US $ 50-75, but smaller items such as a small money purse can buy US $ 10 – 15. One of the best shops in Cusco that these products can be found in the same inner courtyard, a well-known Cicciolina restaurant. As you enter the courtyard on Calle Triunfo head in the right corner.

5) Pisco

Finally, the [1945901million] Peru vacations gift is something you do not even heard of! Peru, especially in the regions of Lima, Ica, Pisco and Arequipa are famous for a type of white brandy – known as Pisco. Largely un-available in North America and Europe, strong drink is a perfect gift that can be easily found in any supermarket US $ 15 a bottle. Impress your friends Pisco Sour cocktail of conventional or mix a can of peaches in syrup, to create a semi-sweet and delicious drink.

I hope that you like the alternative gift ideas that I have proposed. If you have an idea that you think is better, please let me know! I’m always open to good ideas and advice.

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Source by Paul JD Jones

Roofing: Installation Guide to Lead Valley

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common source of leaks in the roof valleys of old houses. Installation procedures vary depending on the type of roof and the materials used. Let’s look at the basic installation roof open lead-lined valley.

The roof valley is basically defined by a pitched roof gutters two sessions. Depending on serve in the roof area of ​​the valley to the exit point to the large amount of water, so proceed with the installation special care. If the roof has been leaking for a while, or if there are signs of rot, you should begin to exchange the valley boards. Sheet music is not self-supporting and place the treated roofing sheet sufficient strength to hold the big man. sufficient width to accommodate (Most roofing big boys!) Fit the lead plates plus 100 mm on each side. It gives you something to put on the roof batons to.

The top of the valley boards are on the same level as the top of the roof rafters. If you lay the boards on top of the rafters directly cause the tiles to kick in and limit the water run off. You have to cut the valley boards to fit between the rafters. Support the valley boards rivets or the connecting elements. The valley must finish on a flat plane of the eaves. Do not kick it up higher than the lower rafters. If so, then you have to cut the fascia board or set the channel to match. It’s a good idea to fit a dump fillets on both sides of the valley. This sloping strip of wood that runs along the valley must be at least 150 mm from the center of the valley. You must sit not larger than the thinnest end of the roof batons nearest to the center of the valley.

It is common practice to fit on a sheet of roofing background of the entire length of the valley. The adjacent roof will rest on the top of this page coasters. We recommend that you use the new advanced synthetic underlay material. The older bitumen-based roofing felt fine in normal situations, but not for the valleys. Over time, the bitumen will bond the lead on the boards and limit the thermal motion. You must ensure sufficient degree of lead buy / Valley code applications. 1.80mm and 2.24mm must be thick in this. If you are unsure, ask your dealer roofing of the right quality. The wire should be cut into sections of not more than 1.5 meters long to provide sufficient thermal motion. Bend the lead of Rama 25mm on each side. This last line of defense is a kind of water ingress. It also has the advantage of reinforcing the leadership that facilitates carrier to the roof of a lot easier.

from the bottom of the valley, dress neatly onto the lead in the valley tables and tilting fillet. In the bottom of the leadership to do the right drainage drains possible. Fix the flashing two rows of nails at the very top. Copper or stainless steel nails. Never use aluminum or galvanized nails, which can only react to the lead and rust. We recommend that you use the least amount of recording is possible to keep the leading position. If more than fix lead plates that will eventually split the thermal motion. So do not put on the site. If successful, dressed for the first card can be moved at a later panel on the roof. Plates overlap at least 150 mm. The lower roof valleys, you need to increase the circle. Where the valley ends of the spine, you need to dress for the driver, so you can sit nicely under the ridge tiles. You are now ready to start fixing the sticks and laying the roof tiles. The most important point is to keep the tab down to 1.5 meters in length you remember, and no more than fix. If, following the procedure and take care of dressing will be long-term maintenance-free valley.

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Source by Simon Cowham

Child Care Center Success Factors

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When the decision to go into the childcare business, first you need to consider a variety of important factors that can help determine the right child care business for you.

owning and running their own childcare center is also extremely satisfying and rewarding experience, but not everyone is cut out to work in the industry. The following are some of the factors that determine whether an individual is suitable for this business.

before taking the plunge and getting set up their own childcare business, ask yourself the following six questions.

Child Care Business Success Factors

1) Do you have leadership skills? As the head of the child care center will take a leading role in both the staff and the children.

2) You are hardworking and organized? Set up and manage a child care center requires a lot of effort. You should be able to manage time and resources in a way to maximize your productivity and keep order.

3) Are you in good health? It’s a fact of life that kids get sick than adults, day care centers and colds to spread like wildfire. As a fit and healthy will ensure that your immune system is strong enough to be avoided, the patient very often. Good health also gives energy to lead the business life of a child care center owner.

4) Can you keep cool in a crisis? In order to be successful in kindergarten, or any business for that matter it will ideally be someone who is not panic in case of an emergency.

5) There is sufficient funding to start the business? You need to have enough money to cover the cost of living in the early stages, before the business becomes profitable. working

6) Do you enjoy children? You are able to take responsibility and take care of other people’s children as they were on their own? Depending on the age group that you are working you may be able to take care of them physically discipline them, educate them or play with them.

Having determined the suitability of opening and running a child care center will then consider the following four factors to develop a basic business model before proceeding with the preparation of a business plan.

other basic child protection considerations Startup

1) Home-based or rented premises? Running a commercial daycare business requires big investment and you may be best to start a home based services and work finally opening up to leased premises. Wherever you go to child care or daycare, make sure that it complies with local zoning laws.

2) What will be the legal structure suitable for the center? It depends on many factors, and you should seek advice from an accountant or lawyer before deciding to go with a single contractor, partnership or “limited” company. It is likely that you will be required to get a business license to run a day care in your state.

3) Location. Is it possible that a child care center at home or in the future have to rent commercial space? Despite the fact that many organizations, such as companies, universities, hospitals have been set up on-site daycares many parents still prefer to use the services closer to home. So the question here is, are you up close to where families live in or close to where their parents work?

4) Hours. You really need to do some market research to find out some more if the service will be required of local people. Some parents want to drop kids very early in the morning before they go to work, and others will want to pick them up late, so it is likely that you will have to open long hours. If you do not care for such mothers could aim for long hours, working part-time, and you will only need the services part of the day. Depending on the size of the market that also have the opportunity to care for the weekend if the parents so wish.

successful businessmen and businesswomen time to carefully assess the opportunity and make sure that it is compatible with them. Understanding the factors that will improve the chances of success are the key to making a good start. It ensures that the opening of the childcare center a positive and rewarding experience for you by knowing exactly what to do to be successful.

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Source by Sienna Brown

Guest acceptance hotels in Pattaya

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Pattaya multiple personalities. For some it is a place to learn about Thai culture, for many it is a shopping paradise for families offers many activities for everyone to enjoy, and the millions of single men in the middle of it is a nightclub, and a place to meet some of Thailand’s most beautiful women.

will meet Thai girls in bars, go-go bars, the beach or just about anywhere in the friendly city. The question that boys often ask where I can find a cozy hotel guests. If you would like to invite the new girlfriend back to the hotel, this hotel welcomes guests with an extra, this “girl friendly” or will be charged a “joiner fee”?

five-star hotels

Although many people think of Pattaya as Asia’s largest center of nightlife, it is just one part of the tourism activities in Pattaya. Judging by hotel bookings, the lion’s share of hotel revenue older couples and families. Hotels target their business to one or more of these tour groups, so you’ll find that the five-star hotels and family-oriented hotels like the larger resort hotels are not usually hospitable. There is a notable exception, Pattaya’s top-rated hotels, the Rabbit Resort Dongtan beach offers hospitality to all visitors, including friends.

In addition to Walking Street

If you are looking for a guest hotel will find that virtually all hotels, guesthouses and apartments, close to the nightlife areas welcoming guests. The Walking Street area you will find a good selection of popular and highly rated hotels.

On Soi Diamond, on the street, more than a dozen go-go bars, there’s Diamond Beach Hotel, Galaxy Suites and Green View Serviced Apartments. Only near Soi 14, where the Grand Hotel, with 80 rooms, with a choice of route of administration and the Jasmine Hotel has 62 rooms, recently renovated and the new indoor swimming pool, one of the highest rated hotels in Pattaya Trip Advisor. The pedestrian street, there is above the Walking Street Guesthouse my favorite go-go and 72 o Hotel, street level bar that opens onto the pedestrian street. A great place to sit and watch the activities on the pedestrian area before going out for the evening.

Soi Buakhao Area

The Soi Buakhao area is another popular nightclub is located. Here you will find an interesting mix of guests and visitors to hotels and boarding houses apartments Thais who are nightclubs and bars.

On Soi Buakhao yourself, you Katesiree House, Laguna Buakhao House Thai style furnishings, Target Regency Guest House and Rabbi Elephant Guesthouse, which is also a meeting place for the Pattaya Golf Society.

Buakhao just off Soi Soi LK Metro mingled with the go-go bars, beer bars and coyote although you can find a lot of guest-friendly hotels and motels. If you want to hang out with strangers you’ll love Armageddon catering and bar, and there is Irish Rovers Guesthouse and Hotel Kilkenny is an Irish flavor. Nearby you will find a large selection of popular Stags Head Guest house and the street, there Pasadena Lodge with a choice of 20 beautifully furnished rooms, with 4 different room styles.

across the road is Soi Chaiyapoon famous Crazy Daves cafe that serves breakfast 24 hours / day and Neeroys late night restaurant serves fish ‘n chips and English style curry. Guest friendly guesthouses do not get much friendlier than Canterbury tales Café, a bookstore and restaurant on the ground floor. Just down the street, near the popular Maggie May’s bar is Chaiyapoon Inn & Restaurant.

broader the instructions guest-friendly accommodation in the Pattaya area, and a guide to the city’s nightlife, land, check out the website Www.pattaya-discover.com .

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Source by Rick Gilmore

The colors of the Ascended Masters and aura

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an Ascended Master is a being who, after many lifetimes of reincarnation has become a master of physical, emotional and mental bodies, their balance of karma and no longer be reincarnated. They went beyond the physical life of its own vibration

Ascended Masters do not look forward to where they are going, but rather an Ascended Master walking backwards, always looking back to those who have yet to go up on the form. The Ascended Masters constantly helping humanity exists at all levels.

Once humanity rises and individuals awaken deity awakened dormant abilities. More and more people see the Ascended Masters, sometimes the same people and the colored balls, spheres or full-size outline. The Masters have known “you will know us by our aura colors.”

There are many layers of aura colors, showing our etheric, emotional, mental and spiritual states. These colors vary according to your mood or mental state. Our soul ray ray incarnation does not change, although during our lifetime.

as we change the colors Ascended Masters, and also, as we do, that we have a soul or monadic color that identifies them first of all changes. The following lists the colors of the aura of the Masters present themselves as the most often, so you’ll know them when you see them. These colors may appear as traditional but bright, luminescent and sometimes pearly.

Here is a list of some of the Ascended Masters aura colors for easy reference. Many Ascended Masters, but they are working on a twenty-fold of humanity at the moment.

Dom Ignacio is a soft pink aura.

El Morya has an aura mostly hyacinth darker blue Berlin blue rim.

Hilarion a Forest Green aura.

Isis’ aura is on the border of purple jagged edge that leads to a red center.

Jesus is a medium yellow and blue mid aura.

colors Kuthumi aura 3-tier, soft lemon on top, light in the center and dark blue at the bottom.

Kwan Yin is an aura of Magenta in a little mid pink.

Lady Nada has an aura of white ( could lavender tint), and gold.

Lao-Tse is a aura yellow shards .

Lord Lanto is an egg-shaped aura. The center is white and he radiates a soft yellow mid-yellow.

Maha Chohan the colors of the aura metallic gold and silver.

Mary Magdalene is a powerful medium pink aura little purple in it.

Melchizedek is an interesting aura blue (two types), and white.

Lady with a soft pink aura color in the middle of a blue border.

Pallas Athena raised in a very dark aura violet purple and gold on it. Some may see unworldly green line in the middle.

Paul, a Venetian Bronze / aura maroon and white, and sometimes a soft yellow.

Ra Mun violet aura over purple.

Sanat Kumara aura is clear as ice in all colors flashing through it.

Serapis Bey is the energy spirals. The entwining gold and white spirals.

St Germain violet aura le maroon.

St. John the Baptist on a white aura centers on a soft blue rim.

White Tara is an aura that fans in the colors of rainbow from left to right.

may be easier to identify the color of the Masters, the Ascended Masters so here is classified aura colors. But go back to the individual’s name, because under certain Masters more than one color.

Blue aura of St. John the Baptist , Mother Mary, Melchizedek, Kuthumi, Jesus and El Morya.

Clear aura Kuthumni and Sanat Kumara.

golden aura Serapis Bey, Pallas Athena and Lady Nada.

Green aura Hilarion.

Metallic Paul aura of Venice, Pallas Athena and Maha Chohan.

aura Pink Lady, Mary Magdalene , Kwan Yin and Dom Ignacio.

Purple Aura St Germain, Ra Mun , Isis, Pallas Athena.

Rainbow aura Sanat Kumara, White Tara .

Red maroon aura of the Venetian Paul , Isis, St Germain.

White aura Serapis Bey, St John , the Baptist, Paul the Venetian, Melchizedek, Lord and Lady Nada Lanto.

yellow aura of Lord Lanto, Lao-Tse , Kuthumi and Jesus.

There is also an eye-catching color and rays. There are seven rays of the incarnation. And it can loosely be seen that some of the colors of the aura of the Masters, are working together to fit rays. This is not the case for all Masters, only a few. Apparently, the Masters in 3D is not tied down to our desire to see the color characteristics of them.

So the awareness that list the seven rays and colors. There are many versions of the radiation level on the Internet. A ray of colors are listed here showed me to my Masters in Ascension Flames. These correspond to the Elizabeth and Mark Prophet.

a blue ray. El Morya is Chohan of the first ray and aura color is blue.

Ray’s two yellow. Lord Lanto is Chohan second beam and yellow colors of the aura.

Ray Three pink. Paul the Venetian is Chohan Third Avenue and aura colors bronze / burgundy.

Ray Four white. Serapis Bey Chohan of the fourth ray and aura colors of gold and white spirals.
Although the form that appears when wearing white.

Ray Five green. Hilarion is Chohan Fifth Avenue. A forest-green aura colors.

Ray Six purple, gold and rubies. Sixth Avenue Chohan Jesus. The colors blue and yellow.

Violet Ray week. St Germain was Chohan of the Seventh Ray and the colors are maroon to purple through.

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Source by Verna Maruata

The festival crosses, Peru

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Most of the holidays, fiestas and festivals, whether religious or secular, special place in Peruvian culture, though not as much as the “Festival of the Crosses”.

So if you are planning a trip to Peru in early May in the “Festival of the Cross” ( “Fiesta de las Cruces”) or Cruz de Mayo ( “may cross”) is the oldest religious festival in the world and worth a try if it allows routes. It is celebrated on the first Sunday of May in many parts of South America and Spain.

If you are traveling to the capital of Peru “Lima” Lima or visit at this time, it’s worth enjoying the festival crosses in all its glory. This is a bright and colorful event, which sees much of the book is decorated with crosses, usually around 14 cross. It carried the entire journey from the city center, and even “San Cristobal Hill” (or as it is locally known as Cerro San Cristóbal).

San Cristobal Hill and its 400m peak located relatively close to the center of Lima and has beautiful and unique panoramic view of the city of Lima, which is the around point offering the best views of the spectacular views-mile radius. Peru is basically a Catholic country and San Cristobal Hill gets in a large number of visitors and pilgrims Holy Week celebrations.

One of the crosses that can be seen during this time that the “Chakana”, which is a square cross-section jagged edges. The Chakana is divided into four kingdoms, three steps every sense of the three worlds: kaypacha (surface), ukupacha (underground) and hananpacha (heaven). It is a cross, which is more related to Inca mythology, but also by a modern Catholic faith.

Other than this festival, if you are planning a visit to Peru in Lima in particular, plus wanting to tour and see the city sights, the best time of the year, in spring and summer, which are considered the best season to travel around this area especially if a higher probability of a clear, sunny days, which enhances the viewing experience. The best time of day to get the views of the San Cristobal hill usually either early in the morning or 02: 00-05: 00 in the afternoon.

Aside from the huge, 20-meter-high cross sits on top of the hill there is a museum to visit and soak up some history and enjoy the views from the summit and take in the breath-taking panoramic pictures of the city of Lima, to record the visit.

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Source by Dave Kingsley

The effects of sleep deprivation killer

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“Sleep seems to be the most important indication how long you will live”

This is a researcher William Dement observations, founder the first middle sleep study at Stanford University, USA. If familiarize note that while this is the most important indicator of how long we live, it is also a good indication of how well we live. Notice the difference? Sleep determines how long you live, but it’s not enough just to live another hundred years or more, then you can be summed up in four words: “A life of pain.” It is important to live well in your quest to live.

Another researcher, Deborah Suchecki, a study of sleep centers in Sao Paulo, Brazil’s remarks – “If people knew what was going on in the sleep-deprived body, then I think prior to the conclusion twice that sleep is a waste of time or just lazy “

lack of sleep and insomnia is not intentional. The lack of sleep, you do not have enough time to sleep. Insomnia other hand, the inability to sleep despite the fact that sufficient time.

I think people just feel that smart, probably sexy to say “train myself to sleep two or three hours a day, and learn to get along “- after all, we’re all taught, the law of attraction – creating a world truly desire, determination of goals and discipline yourself to achieve them.

I think this is stupid, stupid maybe try to live life to the above specifications. There’s really no gain trying to deprive yourself of sleep. Nobody said that Mark Zukerberg; Facebook founder and was perhaps the richest under 25 years old, sleep-deprived before he made his billions. I’ve never read that Steve Jobs of [Apple's superman] or Warren Buffet is sleep-deprived, and in front of a great success.

If you are as smart as the fulfillment of the targets to deprive yourself of sleep, you might also have heard of the Pareto Principle – the 80/20 rule. I can tell you that to your face that only about 20 percent of 80percent of the total results in their daily activities? The secret of success is the law does not do too many things at once, or depriving yourself of sleep you need, you can simply FOCUSING – 20percent focusing on the matter.

When we are sleep-deprived, it’s like saying you do not need or do not need food as a nutrient for our health. Sleep is essential to so many aspects of our lives. This is just normal sleep, the best part is that smarter, and sexier to get a good sleep.

Take a small study, which arises yourself when you’re sleep-deprived.

in the short run – just two days you can experience this

-Drowsiness
-Sudden mood swings
-Loss short-term memory
Of -Loss capacity to create, plan and carryout activities
-Loss concentration

LONG TERM

-Obesity
-Premature aging
-Fatigue
-Increased Risk of infection
-Diabetes
-Cardiovascular and gastrointestinal diseases
-chronic Memory loss

Think about it. If money, fame, recognition, or anything caused by lack of sleep, you can get any of these effects [I'm pretty sure you do not need me to elaborate on the points], what use is it to you?

Remember what you really want in your life in balance. Fragile health + nothing [money, fame, wealth, recognition …] unequal balance.

My advice? Try and work rules, laws and guidelines – welfare legislation, health, prosperity, abundance and success. Nobody asked you to sleep 7, 8, 9, or 10 hours.

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Source by Achi Amaechi

Wheels and tires What Can You Use the Freelander?

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Because the Freelander 4×4 vehicle is a type of wheels and tires to use is very important that you do not damage the drive train.

Recommended tire sizes

The recommended tire size Freelander 1 (1998-2006): [A

  • 15-inch tires: 195/80 R15
  • 16-inch tires: 215/65 R16
  • 17-inch tires: 235/55 R17
  • 18-inch wheels: 235/50 R18
  • 19-inch tires: 245/45 R19
  • 20-inch tires: 245/40 R20
  • 22-inch tires: 295/30 R22

Although not encounter many Freelanders 22-inch wheels!

The Freelander 2 (2006 onwards) recommended tire sizes:

  • 16-inch tires: 215/75 R16
  • 17-inch tires: 235/65 R17
  • 18-inch tires: 235/60 R18
  • 19-inch tires: 235/55 R19
  • 20-inch tires: 275/40 R20
  • 22-inch tires: 265/35 R22

What do the tire size numbers?

Although many of us are accustomed to ordering tires in number, and knows that it is important that not all understand what it means.

If we take the 16-inch wheels on the Freelander 1 the tires must be

215/65 R16

The first number, 215, the width of the tire mm from the wall wall when sex, and emphasized that it is looking at the top. The technical name of the section width.

The second number, 65, this ratio is expressed as a percentage of the height of the sidewall of the tire width. The technical name of the aspect ratio or height sections. In this case, 65% of 215 mm 139.75 mm.

R means radial tire construction, this just means that the wire layers are arranged 90 degrees to the direction of travel or radial (in the middle of the tire).

The next number, 16, the diameter of the rim of the tire is designed to. So in this case it is a tire on a 16 inch wheel.

This is a bit odd to mix inch tire sizes mm, but this is the way it is!

If you look at the size of this number is printed on the tire, for example, 215/65 R16, followed by two numbers and a letter. The two numbers of the load index and speed rating of the letter. The load index indicates how much weight the tire can take (the Freelander needs a minimum load index of 84 or 85, depending on the exact model Freelander is) and the nominal speed is the speed you can travel 10 minutes continuously without that tire from falling.

Based on the speed of the following:

  • Speed ​​Symbol Max speed capability
  • MPH Km / h
  • L 120 75
  • M 130 81
  • N 140 87
  • P 150 95
  • Q 160 100
  • R 170 105
  • S 180 113
  • T 190 118
  • U 200 125
  • H 210 130
  • V 240 150
  • W 270 168
  • Y 300 186
  • Z 240+ 150+

use different sizes of tires Recommended for you Freelander?

Assuming that the overall wheel diameter of the tire mounted within plus or minus 2.5% of the recommended, you will not have any problems fitting different sizes of tires Freelander (although the speedometer will read somewhat inaccurately). The entire circumference of the calculation of the overall diameter.

If the entire circumference of more than plus or minus 2.5%, there is a risk of damage to the powertrain.

Taking Freelander most common tire size, here are some alternative sizes you can use:

195/80 R15 alternatives:

  • 205/75 R15 (-0 87% difference district)
  • 215/70 R15 (-1.70% difference district)
  • 215/75 R15 (+ 1.47% difference district)
  • 225/70 R15 (+ 0.32% difference district)
  • 235/70 R15 (+ 2.34% difference district)

215/65 R16 alternatives

  • 225/65 R16 (+ 1.76% difference district)
  • 225/60 R16 (-1, 44% difference district)
  • 235/60 R16 (+ 0.28% difference district)
  • 255/55 R16 (0% difference district)

215/75 R16 alternatives:

  • 225/70 R16 (-0.83% difference district)
  • 225/75 R16 (+ 2.19% difference district)
  • 235/65 R16 (-2.19% difference district)
  • 235/70 R16 (+ 1.09% – a difference of district)
  • 255/65 R16 (+ 1.36% difference district)

235/65 R17 alternatives:

  • 245/65 R17 (+ 1.64% difference district)
  • 255/60 R17 (0% difference district)
  • 265/60 R17 (+ 1.64% difference district)
  • 275/55 R17 (-1.52% difference district)

Note that if there is a difference the circumference of the speedometer reading will be slightly wrong.

Whether lands check Can this be sure to replace your current tires perform by any size: other use of the individual tire size calculators available, so if you want to check land yourself, “and then you try this tires calculator .

How many rear If you replace your Freelander?

always advisable to replace the four tires at the same time the Freelander, the same brand, model and type that will not cause damage to the powertrain.

the 4×4 system, the Freelander 1 is very sensitive to differences in rolling radius of the tires, and if they are more different from each other 5mm will jeopardize the powertrain, especially in the back differential

to check that the tires are not the elimination of the viscous coupling unit (VCU). – the center of the onion pieces of the propeller shaft running from the front to the back of the Freelander 1 – which is a hub for sending drive to the rear wheels and then drive the Freelander approximately 5-10 miles, you can get under it, and check the temperature of the VCU. Please take care of the VCU can get very hot! If a VCU is too hot to comfortably keep your hands on it, then there is a problem with the tires, and we must look to replace them IMMEDIATELY – otherwise you are going to a very large bill powertrain components.

If you replace just two tires on the Freelander 1, you can be sure the new tires go on the back (the same make, model and type as the first) and check the temperature of the VCU, as above, to make sure it does not heat up. Never replace a single tire in the Freelander.

a little more technical details on the Freelander rear and wheels

For those who like a little more technical details on the Freelander wheels and tires in a little more.

The Freelander 1:

  • PCD 5 x 114
  • Offset 35-45
  • Bore 64.1
  • N 12 fittings x 1.5

, the Freelander 2

  • PCD 5 x 108
  • Offset 35- 50
  • Bore 63.4
  • N 14 fittings x 1.5

If you do not understand what these mean, here is a brief explanation .

PCD pitch circle diameter. This is the diameter, in millimeters, drawn to the wheels through a round screw holes. It also indicates how many studs or bolts, the wheel will be. So the Freelander 1 5 bolts and diameter of a circle drawn through the holes 114 mm. The Freelander 2 5 screws and a diameter of 108 mm.

The offset, which are the wheel, to the body due to the vehicle. Offset is usually stamped on the tire in millimeters and weigh et (et the short form of the German “Einpresstiefe”, which literally translated insertion depth). These numbers are essentially the distance between wheel and hub.

The center bore of the wheel fitted over the center of the hub. The hole diameter of the measurement, in millimeters, of the center hole.

The valves of the wheel nuts and bolts required.

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Source by Sue L Maddock

What child care or preschool settings in Hobsonville Point Development Will Give

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Previous articles in both attack and asked a few questions of the Hobsonville Land Company (HLC) and the Auckland Kindergarten Association (AKA) is the impact to Hobsonville point will be in the field of child care services. Today, represented by the Deputy GM AKA Peter Pablecheque and two support staff, frontman up to the parents and teachers of the Hobsonville North Kindergarten. The discussion is disappointing.

Essentially two questions 1. How to keep the kindergarten in some form or two on how to deal with panic to the children that other “local” kindys.

Peter confirmed the official notice has been given to the owners of the land (HLC) of the AKA and that the lease will expire in December 2011. He said the HLC was sad, but I had no choice but to cancel the lease because the location of the nursery and the approved design plan. The only way to find a nursery operating land and relocate the building. AKA own the building, there are plenty of toys and playground equipment, and even a little money in the bank kindergarten, over the years thanks to the support of the former parent companies and generous donations. Unfortunately, the land of the big stumbling block.

The HLC has already allocated a piece of land, “day care” about 130 meters north-east of the future site of the current kindergarten. However, the ground will be on the open market in 2013. ($ 1 Mil + the land alone) bid to purchase and build a day care center. AKA does not offer submission.

pointed out that the Te Kohanga Reo, which is currently located in Hobsonville Point land has been incorporated into the design plan, that land will not be put on the open market. An obvious line of questioning to the HLC, why? It may be common place ovi?

It has also been the Air Force’s an old ex-ovi unused, which would ensure the land must be kept in the nursery work. In fact, the idea arose to AKA for more than a year ago, and the response time would be to close the rest of kindys. When pushed, Peter said it is looking at other possibilities for land, and in fact have been “called someone from the North Shore council this week.”

Assuming the land is not found, the debate turned to the AKA Plan with regard to managing frantic children is one of the three neighboring nursery. Peter tried to reassure parents that the nursery will continue to operate until the lease’s expiration date in December 2011 – while the children are still present. Parents and members of the committee are extremely interested in Hobsonville ovi AKA redistribution plan and manage their children is one of the three available kindys. AKA The answer was that they will not know until the end of next year, when parents began to apply these kindys! A classic case of the tail wagging the dog, there was no plan, but a commitment to respond to events in a year’s time …

This is how it is explained that the AKA. The area of ​​the kindergarten healthy four roles. When closed, more pressure should be put on another 3 and the following year the HLC 80+ built and sold houses. The demand increases and supply decreases. Despite the fact that this simple explanation, AKA insisted it was not possible to plan because the numbers vary – 45 children in a kindergarten I do not wish to move to 45 within a year. What is true in terms of exact numbers, but since the above reasoning, demand should increase.

This means that lack of leadership (AKA) design and creates an early exit from kids in the Hobsonville North Kindergarten, parents try to get a jump and I assure themselves of a place in front of another nursery in December 2011, the AKA will add to the problems in the nursery will be forced to close early due to falling rolls, even more so on the waiting list.

Peter point out, however, that (unfortunately) kindergarten was not a legal requirement. It occurred to me that if the land is not found, the results expected for the parents of the Hobsonville Point community and surrounds the more expensive day-care facilities or long waiting and passing in front of the exposure to nursery school.

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Source by Sarah E Collins