Hara Meditation – How to Build Strength and Energy in Your Body and Mind


Hara is a Japanese word meaning 'the centre'. It is the physical centre point of your body and resides just below the belly button. Hara is also the energetic centre in your body. In Oriental Medicine, the Hara area, which is the whole abdomen, is also a major diagnostic region. All organ and meridian imbalances can be diagnosed from the Hara. Hara strength is developed by building Qi, through breath, exercise and meditation.

Hara strength can not be seen from the outside. It is perceived as a deep inner strength, with a peaceful demeanour. When the Hara is strong, a person will be flexible yet stable, grounded firmly in reality, while emanating an alertness of spirit. A person strong in the Hara will be intuitive and able to follow their 'gut' reaction. This kind of intuition is fully centered in the body. It is not a mind sense. Rather it is a physical / body knowing that is not dominated by thought processing.

Children naturally come from their Hara. They are centred in the body and at ease with it. They naturally move from this centred space, and you can see that they are connected in body and mind. However, observe a young child who is thinking or worrying about something, and watch her lose balance! Off centre and out of the now moment, a child will find it difficult to maintain physical equilibrium.

As children grow, this natural physical centre is superceded by the development of the mind function and thought, which eventually, in most individuals becomes the dominant feature. So what happens to Hara? As we grow and focus more on the development of the mind, we begin to lose awareness of this other way of processing and responding to information. We lose touch with the part of ourselves that gives us a sense of connection to other human beings and indeed all other forms of life.

In indigenous cultures worldwide, the people still have this connection. They live from the Hara. The way in which they respond to their environment is one, that in most cases, expresses their innate connection to the whole of life. They know this intuitively and physically. Their way of life necessitates this way of being. Living in balance with the rest of nature is a requirement for survival.

Oriental martial arts and meditation practices, focus on the development of Hara in their training. Here, the building and storing of Qi is fundamental to the development of Hara strength.

So what relevance does this information hold for you?

If you would like to have an inner strength that helps you to remain focused and balanced when faced with a physical challenge, then building Hara strength will assist you. If it is strength of mind that you need, once again, building Hara strength will help.

The ability to remain calm in difficult emotional circumstances? A strong Hara will be of immense value.

The Wu Tao dances will help you to focus on and develop your Hara. Through the use of the breath, meditation, visualisation and the physical movements, you will build up your store of Qi energy in your Hara. It will be there to call on in moments of physical, emotional and mental challenge.

For example: When you begin to feel the beginnings of a cold (called wind invasion in Chinese Medicine), you can use your breath, to help circulate your Qi, sending it out to your skin, to help it fight off the cold.

When facing an emotionally stressful situation, you can allow yourself to rest in your Hara, maintaining a peaceful openness and let the emotions move through you without becoming caught and attached to them. Physically, you can use Hara strength whenever you would use your physical strength. Try taking a lid off a jar that is difficult while focussing on being centred in your Hara, or chopping wood or lifting a heavy item.

Being focused in the Hara is a meditation. It is the source of all strength and is the point where all aspects of your being come together. A physical centre, it grounds the spirit, allowing it to radiate and express its truth, and gives the mind a calm place in which to focus.

Basic Hara breathing Technique.

This can be done while standing, walking or sitting or lying down. If you want, lightly rest your hands on your Hara.
Start by breathing in and out slowly. Focus on letting go of any tension as you release your breath. When you are ready, begin to breathe and visualise a big golden ball of energy or light in your Hara, just below your belly button. As you breathe in, imagine the ball expanding, as you bring your breath right down into your Hara. As you breathe out, visualise the ball contracting slightly and becoming very solid and heavy. Focus on holding onto some of the Qi in your Hara as you release your breath. Continue this process until you feel centred and focused in your Hara.

Learn : other ways To build your Qi to visit Http://wutaodance.com


Source by Michelle Locke

Tenant Mix Analysis


The most common problem in tenant mix strategy is lack of focus and relevance. As a common rule, identify your tenancy strengths and build around them and on them. To do this you need to respect and understand what the market and customer needs.

Shopping Centres

Tenancy mix becomes very important in retail premises of multiple tenants; that will be shopping centres of all sizes and types. A property that does not reach the needs or interest of a customer, is going to fail.

A customer wants to be well served in their shopping needs and feel good about it when they visit your property. Visit the competition shopping centre properties nearby to compare them to that which you are currently leasing. You must understand the other properties that you are competing against together with the strengths and weaknesses that they experience.

In reviewing these other properties you look at things such as:

o The entrance ways

o The car parks

o The flow of people

o The places where people stop and congregate

o The larger anchor tenants type and location

o Standards of signage

o Lighting internally

o Transport to and from the property

o The tenants that seem more successful than others

o The tenants that seem to feed customers off each other

o The amount of time that people spend at the shopping centre

o The busier days for customer shopping

When looking at these other properties it is wise to take selective photos of the things that may be relevant to compare to your property. You can analyse the photos later and revisit your ideas. Note that some property owners and managers will be sensitive to you taking photos around their property. Discretion is the rule here.

Seek to Strengthen your Rent

The only way you can underpin your rental and strengthen it is through a good tenancy mix. Given that the leases in premises are for lengthy periods of time, any mistake with tenancy mix will exist for years and frustrate the rent, the customer, the tenant, and the property. Hence you must choose tenants well and then place them with a lease that is in harmony with surrounding premises.

As parts of that process look at these issues in balance so that any concerns of tenant mix occupancy are removed and nullified. Understand:

1. Income exposure at expiry

2. Option exercise potentials

3. Exclusive or Permitted uses in the leases

4. Vacancy effects on other existing tenants

5. Relationship building or conflict potential between sitting tenant types

6. Know why tenants like or dislike your property

7. Know how your existing tenants maximise their business operations at your property

If you follow these steps, you will be armed with the strategy you need to put you in the 'driver's seat' as you implement a new leasing campaign and tenancy mix for your managed property. You will know the tenant you want and you will have the selling points to attract them.

Create a Property Business Plan

The larger the property, the more there is a need to have a business plan to consolidate the performance of the property. The business plan will have ramifications on the design of the tenancy mix.

The business plan will set directions for the property given known demographics of the surrounding population and customers. Business plans are very useful with retail properties where the success of the tenant is driven from the customer's acceptance and use of the property.

The business plan for a property is designed to set essential standards and targets within:

o choices of tenant

o ideal lease terms

o expiry profiles

o targeted rentals

o product offering for customers

o levels of rental relevant to rent reviews

As the agent working with the client to enhance the tenancy mix requirements, you can adopt this business plan approach with adjustments for the suitability of tenants and the size of the property.

Review the Site

With retail property planning and tenancy mix a number of site questions need to be addressed. They are:

1. Is the access to the property good or hindered?

2. Is access possible from all directions or is there a physical barrier?

3. Is road exposure of the property of good quality and can the signage be easily seen or erected?

4. Is the property easy to locate or find?

5. Is public transport available and how does it work?

6. What is the identity of the property and can it be clearly seen from the road? Is it modern and adequate?

7. Does the parking around the property support all the Customers and Tenants well? Does it need re-design or functional changes?

8. What customer services exist? Are they adequate and modern? (Parking, Toilets, Malls, Seating etc.)

9. Is the internal property layout 'Customer' friendly? Can Customers easily understand where they are and can they shop in comfort?

10. Is the tenant signage conforming to good design (or Centre standard) rules? Is it well maintained?

11. Are 'sight lines' open and un-cluttered to the retailers shops?

12. Are more customer services needed?

All of these factors affect every retail property. Once you understand them you can lease the vacancies and mix the tenants more effectively internally.

Use them in your inspection strategy on any retail property analysis when you consider where tenants can be located and realistically placed for optimal rent returns.


The tenancy mix thereby creates substantial success in a property. 'Clustering' is a process of gathering tenants into groups. The perfecting of the clustering of tenants for each property is as important as finding the right tenants.

Clustering is gathering tenants of the same type into the same location. The process is productive and has been proven to generate higher levels of sales for most tenants in the cluster. You can have clusters in all retail groups such as fashion, food, men's wear, ladies wear, toys, etc

When you have clusters of tenants, the customer perception is that the property offers greater variety and therefore will have the item that the customer seeks. The customer is therefore more likely to visit the property and acquire goods.

Clearly we can now see that 2 key issues in tenancy mix are:

1. Adding successful tenancies which suit the demands of the community and the profile of the property, and

2. Clustering tenancies in groups so that the localized groups encourage more customer interaction and spending.

The key to clustering tenants is simple. You cluster tenants by similarities, and you avoid placing tenants into clusters if they're offering product that is radically different than those around them.

Early in shopping centre evolution, it was originally thought desirable to split tenants of similar offering into random locations which do not clash with each other. The customer then had to traverse the entire property to purchase goods. The leasing managers felt that this would create more exposure to all tenants and therefore more sales. Unfortunately this is incorrect.

This strategy has been found to be counterproductive as customers see the long trip or walking distance between similar shops as being annoying. Today we know that customers prefer ease of shop access and ease of shopping experience. This does not involve random tenant placement to frustrate the shopping experience.

So the golden rule here is to place like with like and complementary tenants near each other. In doing this the customers will support your shopping centre more effectively.

Creating Tenancy Flux with Timelines

A stagnant property is one in which change is limited or not seen to be happening. The customer perceives this and over time will move the bulk of their shopping needs to another more active and changing property.

From this observation we can now see the need for a flux or change factor to allow the property to move with the demands of the customer.

In any successful and active shopping centre, it is reasonable to assume that up to 20 to 25% of the tenancy mix will be continually shaped and repositioned during each period of 12 months.

To allow this to occur, it is necessary to have lease and occupancy documents which allow staggered expiry dates. The staggered expiry profile then creates an element of planning and repositioning of tenancies as the property needs. This is opportunity management at its best and a great strategy for the future of the property for the landlord.

Options Can Frustrate

This strategy of flux can be frustrated by the giving of options to tenants as part of the initial leasing process. By their very nature, the options given in a lease are at the discretion of the tenants and therefore remove flux and change opportunity from the landlord until the lease is to expire. It can be said that options in a leasing process are not good for landlords and tenancy mix.

Options should only be given as a last resort in a leasing process.

Tenants view options as essential to their future and will usually push the landlord to grant an option (s). As a leasing strategist and specialist, you will need to balance and minimise this problem for the landlord when it arises.

There are ways of lessening the impact of an option such as:

1. no option at all
2. shorter option terms
3. less option terms
4. short option exercise windows in the lease
5. rent review escalations that offset the inconvenience that options create

The desirable alternative is to not give options at all to tenants where that option could stifle tenant change and mix for the property. That means that desirably every lease is for a single term. New leases with existing tenants are therefore then negotiated based on their merit and relevance to the property.

Be careful and aware of legislation that can affect this or set rules that you must adhere to. For example in many locations Retail Lease Legislation will need to be understood and respected as it could set guidelines and rules for the leasing process and options for tenants.

Tenant Proximity Profile

It is a poor management and leasing process to allow a number of tenant spaces to expire in close proximity to each other at around about the same time. The leases that need to co-ordinate on expiry dates are only those that may be subject to similar relocation or refurbishment activity. Strategy is the rule here. Planning ahead is the key to setting expiry dates that keep the property in balance for the client and the needs of the customer.

Tenant Volatility

Some tenants in shopping centres are more volatile than others. This is particularly the case with food and beverage tenants. Volatility must be understood and well controlled as the tenant pressures change. Volatility means that some of the tenants you place may be more or less successful when compared to others on the property.

There are essentially two types of volatile food tenants, firstly fine dining, which is a lifestyle and entertainment offering often promoted by cuisine or concept. The second is the more common fast food tenants to satisfy spontaneous customer food demand.

Fast food tenancies and their success tend to run in cycles and the offering of the relative food. You have to anticipate trend changes in customer demand for fast food and the placement of the tenant in fast food courts. In most cases, customers demand choice, value, and quality in the food offering above all else. Interestingly the theme of the food is of little importance to the purchase decision of customers. Quality wins every time when it comes to a food related tenant.

Given these rules applying to food tenants, it can be seen that close management and interaction with the tenants is essential for positive occupancy outcomes.

Size Matters

Generally speaking we find that the larger the tenancy in area, the lower the rental per square metre. This rental fact is sometimes partially offset by creating precincts of tenants in clusters through the shopping centre.

The clusters of like and similar tenants can hold up the rent levels more successfully than shops of similar type being spread widely apart across the property.

Identifying the ideal size of a tenancy and its placement is important. There is no point making a tenancy overly large for the offering and product that it sells.

To get a feel of the correct ideal space ratio, it is best to visit other properties of similar type or location, in your precinct. With some practice you can quickly guess the size of tenancies therein, and then determine if extra space is needed by business type to successfully trade. You can determine if the actual space used is appropriate for the product being sold.

Remember the Future

When selecting the right tenancy for the area of ​​vacant space, you need to consider whether the tenant can afford the required rental and the estimated escalations in the lease through the rent review profile on an ongoing basis.

All of this is strategic and essential to the future of the property. A tenant should not be placed in a location based on today's offering, but rather in the balance of today against the future of the property and its changes.

Bundle Related Tenants

When clustering tenants as mentioned earlier, you generally locate and cluster tenants with the same retail offering so that they can provide the customer with a broad selection of product eg ladies fashion.

You can then take this further and bundle related tenants together to offer complimentary products. For example this could be a sportswear shop, and a golf shop in the same area of ​​your shopping centre.

Sensible bundling of tenancies will thereby improve the customer experience and encourage further purchasing of product. The more successful you are at this process; you will improve the rental profile for the building and the visitations of customers to the shopping centre. Spending money in a retail shopping centre only occurs when the customer feels good about the offering and the location of the shop. The better this balance is created in the eyes of the customer, the better the sales for the tenant. That will then give you better rent.


The easiest way to position a tenant for trade is to create great signage. The important thing to remember in balance with all other tenants in the same location, is to choose signage which is complimentary and of similar size and dimensions to the other tenants nearby.

Sensible signage policy and architectural control of that signage between tenancies will consolidate the customer experience and visual appeal of the shopping centre.

In saying this regards the signage, the uniqueness of the retail product offering shall also be respected so that the customer can clearly relate to the product being sold and remember the offering for the future. A case in point would be the need to ensure that brand name retailers use signage that is in keeping with their identity (eg McDonalds).

It is not appropriate to exercise architectural controls that exceed sensible display of the tenants offering. For example it would be inappropriate to cross the boundaries of trademark and signage for franchise tenants that require that image to identify themselves. In most cases, the franchise tenant should be allowed to clearly promote their franchise identity. After all that is the reason you have them in the property.

Landlords must be flexible, and tenants must be flexible. A shopping centre is not a static environment. Ongoing change and presentational issues across all tenancies and in balance with the clusters, and bundles of tenancies is important to maintain high levels of rental and a great tenancy mix.

Can . Read more You on this at our special website for Tenant Mix Strategy here Www.tenant-mix-analysis.com


Source by John Highman

Child Care Staff Development: Four Ideas to Motivate Your Staff to Keep Learning


As Child Care Professionals we often leave our institute of learning and think that's it, we are now "fully developed" in our field. This is far from the truth. Staff development in any child care service is vital to remaining a fresh vibrant service, offering the best for the children in our care. The child care profession is physically and emotionally draining, and it can often be difficult to keep our staff motivated to continue professional development. Here are four thoughts to consider when motivating your staff in child care centres to keep developing professionally:

Develop a Culture of Continuous Learning
Whenever there is a pre-existing culture in any workplace, new staff tend to take this culture onboard in their own work ethics. In child care centres, if our current staff culture promotes and values ​​professional development, new staff will quickly be energized by others around them.

Alternatively, where there is a pre-existing culture of negativity about professional development, you can slowly begin to shift the culture by making this part of the induction program for new staff. Encourage new staff by sharing the positives of continued professional development and utilize their fresh new knowledge in developing the skills of current staff. Training does not always need to be formal participation in presentations. It can be through learning from each other.

Provide Innovative Training
When staff training and development becomes routine, then we quickly become bored and demotivated to learn. Teachers and educators develop skills in 'selling' learning, and as Directors and Authorised Supervisors we should be looking for training that excites and 'sells' to our staff.

Not only should the style of presentation be innovative, but the topics and professional learning areas should also be innovative. Offering training on the same topics each year usually brings forth comments from staff such as "yeah, done that one", or "heard it all before". Training should incorporate the latest research coupled with a variety of presenters from varied backgrounds.

Utilising outside training is good, but it should not be the only form of training offered. Why not have staff within your service present training for each other. Often when we research a topic to present to others we actually learn more than simply listening to information.

Respect Staff's Time
Often, particularly in private child care services, staff are giving of their own time to attend training. Even when training is offered within staff's allocated working hours, they are giving up programming time or time working with their children. If we respect their time and provide concise, impacting training, they are more likely to be motivated to participate with their full attention.

Training DVDs can be presented to your staff in your own early childhood setting. This removes travelling time to training venues, and allows staff to explore topics together. How often do we send one or two of our staff to training with the intention of them sharing the information with the whole staff, only to find other agenda items take our time and attention. On issues such as learning centres for example, each staff member hearing the training first hand allows the whole staff team to fully engage with the concepts and ideas, which facilitates better outcomes for the centre and children.

Provide Incentive Programs
After a hard day working with children, let's be realistic and recognize that often we need some external motivation to participate in training. Whether this be recognition in our newsletters or on bulletin boards for parents to see, small rewards such as buying staff a coffee, a certificate for the staff's portfolio, 'early marks' where child ratios allow, or long standing programs with end of year rewards (eg when staff attend 10 training sessions they receive a massage / spa and body treatment at the local beauty salon). Each centre needs to tailor this to their own staff interests and financial resources.

Ultimately, it is the responsibility of Directors, Authorised Supervisors and Licensees to ensure staff maintain their professional development. Training motivates, refreshes, reminds, and challenges staff professionals, for the benefit of themselves, their colleagues, and the children and families in our child care services.


Source by Cassandra Eccleston

Nurturing Nature's Best at DDA's Biodiversity Parks


Owned and developed by Delhi Development Authority (DDA) in collaboration with Center for environment management of degraded ecosystems (CEMDE), Yamuna and Aravali biodiversity parks are first of its kind in India harboring natural reserves including hundreds of vanishing species of native flora and fauna which used to exist 100 years ago and has become extinct locally. Delhi Development Authority is playing a key role in developing the green spaces in the form of regional parks, district parks, green belts and the neighborhood greens which falls into the its jurisdiction. Works of developing the biodiversity parks, rejuvenation of water bodies, revival of lakes are into process with the aim of reviving the lost natural heritage of life systems of Delhi.

Exploring Biodiversity

Yamuna Biodiversity Park

Yamuna Biodiversity Park is spread over a sprawling 457 acres of land, dedicated to protect the natural environment along Yamuna. This park has become home for biologically rich wetlands, wide variety of fruit yielding species, grassland communities and abundance of medicinal herbs. The two major features of the park are the visitor's zone and the nature reserve zone. "Welcome Rock facet" located right to the entry of the park represents the origin of the Ganga and Yamuna and their convergence at Allahabad. The trails which lead to Bambusetum, the Nature interpretation Centre, Butterfly Park, and ayurvedic hut are the prominent places of visit. The classical building of the nature interpretation centre is beautiful and elegant floored with red carpet, attractive interiors, touch screens, visual aids and the panels depicting various biodiversity levels provide an insight into several concepts of biodiversity. Landscaping left of the park is two shallow valleys that represent rangelands with 10 mounds depicting different ecosystems present from foothills of the Himalayas (siwaliks) through Yamuna basin till the confluence of Yamuna and Ganga. While passing through loop trail of the park you will come across bouncing hares and even get to watch red-wattled lapwings and other exotic birds. At the exit of butterfly conservatory located the west side of the park you will enjoy the view of resident ducks wetlands and huge variety of fishes. Yamuna Biodiversity Park is emerging as Delhi's most visited public place and a prominent center of learning and understanding of nature's rich heritage. This park can easily be approached from: – I) East Delhi through Bhajanpura, ii) South and central Delhi through ISBT, iii) North Delhi through Burari.

This Biodiversity park is 15 kms from north-east of Connaught Place and 4 kms north of ISBT.

Aravalli Biodiversity Park

Spread over an area of ​​692 acres Aravalli Biodiversity Park is located near Vasant Vihar. The undulating landscape of Aravalli biodiversity with gentle slopes, shallow valleys and elevated ridges dotted with numerous morrum and clay mined pits of varying contours, shapes and sizes will amaze you to the core. The two major zones of the park are the visitor's zone and the nature reserve zone. once you enter the park the first community you will encounter at the poorvi marg gate is the young plantation of the moist decidious forest community that have some of the most unique species of trees such as Madhuca longifolia (Mahua), Diospyros melanoxylon (Tendu) etc . you will truly be amazed to see the fully developed top canopy of the native forest which attains the height of 40-50 feet. While passing by you will come across uncommon birds like the black-breasted redstart, ashy prinia and the red whiskered bulbul. The unique features developed at the visitor's zone are arboreta, rangeland, Lake Ecosystem, wetland with riparian vegetation. The conservatory of orchid species and ferns and allies are the high points of the park. The conservatories of butterflies, tuberous and bulbous plants consists some of the most exotic species of the park. The undulating water body supports native ducks and aquatic vegetation. The trail adjacent to the office complex passes from the conservatory shallow valley, herbal plants and through stairway commonly known as amphitheatre. The conservatory of the butterflies adjacent to the stairway is a saucer shaped depression harboring native bush vegetation is home to thousands of butterflies belonging to 30-40 species.

Aravali Biodiversity Park is situated on the south central ridge is bounded clock wise by JNU (Nelson Mandela Marg) the Mehrauli – Mahipalpur road, NH-8 and the Palam road and the southern boundary of Vasant Vihar. You can approach this Biodiversity Park, either from Vasant Vihar- Poorvi Marg gate located at about: 4 km south west of Moti Bagh, and 2 km west of Jawahar Lal Nehru University (Munirka) or from the Vasant Kunj Institutional gate which is about 3.5 km north of Mahipalpur and one km west of Vasant Kunj Malls.

Reasons to visit Biodiversity Parks

Biodiversity parks are one of its kind harbouring natural resources of the biotic communities and ecosystems.

1. The interesting riverside walk proves too scintillating to miss.

2. The theme gardens of the biodiversity parks are unique facilitating people of all age groups to enjoy nature in its purest form.

3. The biodiversity parks provide opportunities for ecological education, leading to awareness and participation in campaign sites, seminars, workshops, and exhibitions based on various themes in the open area of ​​park.

4. Vast range of flora and fauna species will enhance knowledge level of the visitors to a great extent.

5. These parks promote eco-tourism, social activity and educational value among people of all age groups.


Source by Garima Khemka

Things to Consider at the Time of Choosing the Right LED Lights


Selecting the perfect lights for your home, business centre or office is essential for giving it a glowing look and better ambiance. A right selection is always important – as it makes your employees, workers or family members feel good and energetic.

LED lights can be the perfect choice for an office or a commercial centre. Your employees and workers never feel dreamy, sleepy and stressful when they work in these lights. However, at the time of installation, you should set them well at proper places for better illumination.

These are available in a variety of shapes and sizes with different wattage, luminosity, and guarantee periods. Therefore, you can exactly meet your needs. However, in every case, you must consider your room size, the colour of walls, and the purpose of installing LED lights at your home or office.

There are many manufacturers manufacturing customized LEDs to meet your purposes righteously. In that case, you have to order in bulk. Therefore, when you are in need of a significant number of lights, you can go for a custom order.

If you are looking for a perfect decorative illumination system for your new office or commercial centre, you can indulge in LED bulbs. These are scientifically made to reduce stress on your eyes. It can illumine your targeted area without spreading light everywhere in a room or module. The manufacturers of this light allow you to meet your bespoke needs.

Keeping pace with the increasing demand of the day, the number of manufacturers is gradually growing. Therefore, the right selection is mandatory. You may not meet your purposes exactly unless you follow some important tips.

Given below are the important tips


Wattage is the foremost thing to consider. Choosing one that requires less lumen is always good. It will save you from more power consumption. Depending on your needs and purposes, you should select the wattage.


You should take an effective decision on the required luminosity or brightness of your bulbs. You should choose one that gives better light, consuming less power.

Guarantee in hours

There are two types of LEDs. One comes with a guarantee. Here sellers write the purchase date with his signature. Therefore, if you face any problem, you get a replacement. Another type comes without guarantee. You should not choose the later type.

Heat capacity

Heat capacity is another factor. You must be sure that your light would not produce much heat. LED bulbs have been made to meet this purpose exactly. These produce lower heat and last for a longer period of time.

Just consider these four important areas to choose the best for your home, office or business centre.


Source by Aman Singh

Choosing a Spindle and the Physics of Handspinning – How Weight Distribution is Important


When buying a drop spindle, it helps to know something of the physics of drop spindles, and the spindle's shape and size affects what kind of yarn you can spin with it. In this article, we'll discuss spindle weight distribution, and why it is an important factor in choosing a drop spindle.

Some spindle whorls are just flat discs, some are domed to concentrate their weight, and some are weighted at the rim. Why is this?

The weight distribution of a spindle affects its inertia, a measure of the effort it takes to start or stop it. Spindles with less inertia need less effort to set in motion, so are easier to get a fast spin, while dropspindles with more inertia can spin for longer as it takes more force to slow them down.

Rotational inertia at any one point is given by the equation I = mr², where I is inertia, m is mass, and r is radius. Lets put some (extremely simplified) numbers into that equation to demonstrate.

Imagine we have two equally sized spindles, each weighing 50g, and 10cm in diameter (with a radius of 5cm)

One spindle has a centre-weighted whorl. It has 40g of its weight around 1cm from the centre, with the other 10g at 5cm (in real life it's more complicated as we count every point on the radius).

We can find the total inertia by adding up the inertia of each point on the radius. This means the centre-weighted spindle has an inertia of:

I = (40 x 1²) + (10 X 5²) = 40 + 250 = 290 g / cm²

The other spindle has its weight at the rim, with 40g at 5cm from the centre, and 10g at 1cm from the shaft

I = (10 x 1²) + (40 X 5²) = 10 + 1000 = 1010 g / cm²

That's over 3 times as much as the centre-weighted spindle. More inertia means a longer spin, so although both spindles are the same size and weight, the rim weighted one will spin for longer.

However, the idea that centre weighted spindles are faster and therefore better for fine yarns is something of a myth. Rim-weighted spindles are just as capable of a fast spin, depending on ergonomics and the skill of the spinner.

The smallest 'trindle' – which has almost all its weight at the rim, the traditional whorl being replaced by weights on the end of three slim arms – weighs only a couple of grams and can spin very fine thread- and cobweb-weight yarns, as well as short-staple fibres like cotton, which usually needs a supported spindle.

Some spindles try to strike a balance between centre and rim weight distribution, by removing weight between the centre or the edge, by means of channels or holes. This kind of spindle is fairly good for general purposes, but in fact, rim-weighted whorls are suitable for any yarn type, spinning longer and being more balanced. Total weight is a more important factor.


Source by Abigail Bailey

How to Manage Your Call Center Using the PEST Analysis?


PEST analysis means strictly the Political, Economics, Social, and Technical analysis, which can be applied perfectly at any time. The following paragraphs will explain this analysis.

Political Issue

During the operation of managing your Call Center, you can apply the political issue in most of your unique programs. You may need long inclusive enforced copyrights. Thus, for your Call Center to show its political awareness, it must direct its topics to the involved clients in your origin country, which may consider a powerful source of votes during elections.

As an example, your Call Center can lead a voter registration campaign debuts at its web site. It will show how to practice the political rights online. In the site, there may be online polls, to give the users the chance to vote on some basic topics of the present days. Introducing an ad to encourage audience to vote in election will be great too.

Economical Issue

Applying the economical issue is very easy. From the beginning, you may wish to keep barriers to entry high. Thus, you can begin your entry to other markets. As an example, promoting your advertising online to be able to reach more customers in other countries will be great.

Understanding the economical elements, such as supply, demand, price, inflation, deflation, and marketing will be important. You must try to insert the existence of your Call Center into the frame of globalization.

Social Issue

Considering the social elements will be incredible. You may target to involve young people in good causes. Releasing a new web site to realize your aim will assist your management operation to great degrees. Hence, the new web site could provide young with a wide social place to get information and cooperate with others too. However, all categories of ages could recognize the basic social topics along with exchange their cultural issues, via your Call Center's social web.

Technological issue

Following the latest technology must be provided as well.

For your information, you can get strong digital rights management. Thus, when you continue to use this tool as a comprehensive framework, you can guarantee the success of your Call Center's management target.

You may be in a necessity for an automated system. Therefore, you can keep trace of your huge advertising sales from many proposals via scheduling and invoicing. On the other hand, you may desire to decrease the time-consuming and error-prone processes of manually entering and reconciling advertising schedules of your Call Center as well. Of course, this could provide a seamless workflow for your sales and scheduling staff.

Through the operation of management of any Call Center, you must aware how to select well your items of PEST analysis. Providing your employees with more training is advised in all times.


Source by Hani Masgidi

Indoor Skiing – Does It Compare To The Real Thing?


Some people have never heard of indoor skiing, although most cities will have a center if you care to look around yours. It's fun and extreme like the regular, outdoor variety, but participants are provided with an artificial area where there is also snow and slopes that they can use to whoosh around.

Skiing is a hugely fun activity that can be done by anyone as long as they have the proper training and experience, and learning inside is an excellent way to get that experience. Indoor skiing is usually done by using a blade that is strapped to the feet of the skier. Then they use snow slopes as a leverage where they can gain speed and glide through the snow.

This is also known to be much safer than doing it in the wild because the terrain is very safe and comfortable. But, there are also rough terrains where extreme skiers can practice their skill and moves.

You should always practice first at a center before you engage in the real thing because some of the outdoor skiing terrains are very dangerous and it's the real thing, which can be quite cold and scary. Indoor skiing is perfect for beginners and newbies who are just learning to ski.

Although the experiences provided by the man made slopes are not the same as the regular outdoor skiing, it has many benefits and advantages that outdoor skiing does not provide.

One of the advantages of indoor skiing is it is very cheap and affordable because the ski centres do not charge anywhere near what a normal instructor would charge. Another benefit is that skiing indoors is very safe and relaxing because the area and slopes are not very dangerous, high or steep. Another great benefit of indoor skiing is that there are instructors and professional skiers that will teach you if you're not yet an expert in skiing. Skiers can also rent ski equipment from the centre for pretty reasonable prices. Another great advantage that indoor skiing provides to the skier is that they can practice all they want even in night time. They can hone their skiing abilities that will prepare them for competitions and events.

These inside slopes are like large sports centers but the only sport that can be done inside is skiing, snowboarding, and even sledding. This is all made possible by snow cannons that provide the artificial snow inside the centre. The whole experience is specially designed to provide the same experience as skiing outdoors. These places also have competitions and events that can be awesome fun for learners and pros alike.

Although indoor skiing may not provide the same extreme experience that the real thing provides, people find it much safer and exciting rather than facing the real slopes.


Source by Iain Taragon

Types of Call Centers


There are different types of call centers, inbound call centers, ie, outbound call centers, web enabled call center, CRM call center, telemarketing call centers and phone centers.

inbound call centers to handle support calls from outside, mostly toll-free number. The service is designed to handle inbound call centers, catalog orders, queries and work desk. They also include customer service, to predict customer behavior and take action, while the customer is still on the line. Inbound call centers employing live actors into teams’ representatives and program managers.

The success of outbound call centers depend on extensive experience, technological solutions, quality assurance programs, and commitment to customer service excellence. They ensure maximum results from their direct marketing efforts. The integrated call center systems for outgoing calls and regular direct calls to consumers through the successful relationships of a selected marketing representatives (MR).

Using web-based call centers is increasing these days. Webközeli call centers can download answers to questions or resolve customer service issues, without having to download from the Internet. The web enabled call center e-commerce initiatives to improve high-quality customer service.

Telephone call centers flexible call routing and predictive dialing system. Utilizing advanced telephone and Internet technology, customer service representatives (CSR) call centers accurately and timely information to the most complex inbound or outbound programs. Telephone call centers personalized call handling a team of professional players who know the client personally and in business.


Source by Damian Sofsian

Tuition How to help improve grades?


Have you heard other people talk about their children receive higher grades after attending tuition and want the same for your child. I do not understand that the tuition center can help your child to grow up in grade, but he knows that help is needed to keep up with their peers. Or perhaps you are learning proper, but want to speed up the pace, because he knows that very clear. Either way, the tuition Center.

How does

When a child enters a tuition center be established to identify their learning abilities and weaknesses. The tuition program is designed to help them improve their weak areas while they continue to excel in their power. They are encouraged to try new things, apply themselves fully and think of new ways.

What’s so good tuition material, which is very confusing to find the child can be presented in different ways to make it more understandable. Teaching children to think about things in new ways, to open their minds and take a new approach to learning.

Many children find their tuition lot of fun. They love going to school fees because of learning and experiencing success for the first time in their lives. As improve their grades and they see great improvement in the ability to learn they want to go back to the tuition center and so on. This is a sign of improved confidence and shows that are capable of learning and actually enjoying the learning process.

tuition is designed to help children improve school performance. The child does not get easier work, but will be challenged to look at, and what they find hard to take. Whatever the child is struggling right now, education may help them to predict and beyond.

starting Tuition

The hardest part about getting your child started school fees. They may be feeling very badly themselves in a long line of failures in their studies and can feel as if they do not. It’s a little jump to go to a low opinion of himself tuition environment and come out the other end is full of confidence and a sense of success.

difficult, but it can be done! This has already happened to many children in Singapore and around the world. It could happen to the child, no matter how low they feel about themselves and their grades now.

If the child is not using the gear you want to be, education can help. If they are already on the job with their peers, but he knows that they could even excel, it will be encouraged to become the absolute best tuition. If they are really struggling to get good grades, tuition, it’s easier and helps them understand the lessons easier and faster.

Each child receives a fun and educational environment of a tuition center. No matter what your struggles and how long it is struggling. In fact, if a child has been struggling for a long time to time to the tuition center now. Do not make them suffer anymore when success can be found through tuition.


Source by Charles Cheow