Science is one of the most popular genres of all time, this can be read in all ages and in all areas. From time to witness the popular classics that emerged in the world’s literature category of science fiction. Science has a great appeal to the world of literature and the people began to look more and more to this highly imaginative, yet completely scientific writings. According to the Bedford Glossary sci-fi “is a kind of fiction, which established scientific or pseudo-scientific concepts, and to place on the Earth, or an alternative or parallel world, employs a realistic and fantastic elements to explore the question,” What if? “The genre of Science Fiction is based on exploring the different aspects of life, be it social, psychological, moral and biological. Relay for new ideas, not just the present, but also makes a great futuristic speculation.
here will be discussed in the novel Journey the Centre of the Earth in the light of the specified characteristics and demonstrate the relevance of science fiction novels of English literature.
Jules Verne’s famous novel Journey to the Centre of the Earth is one of the first novels indicator light is not only the readers of science fiction but the writers as well. it is written in the famous French writer Jules Verne, who is well known for its fantastic adventure stories and recognize that one of the pioneers of science fiction. Journey to the Centre of the Earth recognized worldwide, read for all ages and has been translated into many other languages.
Journey to the Center of the Earth is a unique literary aspirations, which includes a large characterization, simple plot, and high-adventure fiction, disguised science stories. the story revolves around the characters Otto Lidenbrock, nephew Axel and Hans guide. Otto Lidenbrock a well-known geologist, mineralogist, Professor and Johannaeum. As a man of science was a fan of all the new scientific discoveries, and always advance scientific adventures.
The story, narrated to Axel, who is shy, insecure, and less motivated boy. But he grew up in the care of his uncle he developed a great interest in science, minerals, geology and other scientific works. A lot of time spent uncles laboratory. The story begins to unfold when Otto Lidenbrock comes across an old piece of parchment written in runic lettering on it. To parchment revealed the secret passage to the center of the earth, it is the author of the famous Icelandic scientist Arne Saknusseumm. This is when Lidenbrock brings enthusiasm to become the first scientist to discover and travel to the Center of the Earth!
Verne novel written in such a way that it contains scientific information about the whole story. One of the main points is a tool for readers to sift mental capabilities, adding to scientific knowledge was scientific debates and arguments of the story. He brought a lot of these arguments, the gripping story; for example, when Lidenbrock decide to leave the summit of Sneffels, and a drive to the center of the earth, many questions arise in the minds of readers. Similar questions; how the road will take place in complete darkness? When the earth is filled with magma how they are going through it? And it will not take the pressure of the earth’s crust is unbearable? The author is very clear answers to these questions by setting the characters in an argument with these concepts. Consider an excerpt from the novel:
“Yes, it is known that the temperature rise of about one degree Celsius all going seventy feet below the surface of the world. Well, assuming that this ratio remains constant, and given the fact that the radius of the Earth is about four thousand miles, the temperature at the center will be much more than 200,000 degrees. The core material of the Earth can be so white-hot gas or metals such as gold or platinum, the hardest rocks, can not withstand such temperatures. My question is that it is possible to travel in such an environment that a reasonable one! “
clearly shows how Verne picked up the pieces of scientific facts (temperature rises about one degree Celsius every seventy feet) into the story. According to scientific calculations, keeping in mind the radius of Earth and other variables, shows the a high degree of knowledge that Verne used in writing the novel. Later in the story, create an atmosphere of curiosity and adventure for readers, and so one begins to advance, which is required to advance the story.
scientific knowledge and fantasy readers fully in a sci-fi knowledge is inevitable. Verne’s novel, knowledge and responsibility. At one point in the novel, when Lidenbrock ready to make the trip, you can prepare a complete list of provisions and equipment necessary for such a journey. the given as a list of scientific list:
“the instruments included:
by one Celsius thermometer Eigel, senior ° 150a, which does not seem right to me …
operated by compressed air to the second pressure sensor, which is designed to show the pressure is higher than the level of the sea … “
This list is very important when one analyzes the characteristics of the novel, the sci fi novels. it gives us the details of the scientific instruments and information much more precision and accuracy. gave valuable information to the readers is huge and this is the story of one section will give thrust to the interests of readers, and helps make it more and more ‘grounded a high degree of realism “
the entire novel Verne refers to the actual locations and real locations and facts instance, if Lidenbrock with Axel begin the journey to Iceland, Verne add the following lines:..
“Iceland is one of the largest island in Europe. The interface extends four hundred thousand miles, but it’s just sixty thousand inhabitants. Geographers divided into four parts, and this was a region of south-western district of “Sudvestr Fjordjngr” that we had to cross, almost diagonally. Verne “
This was factual information gives readers an enormous knowledge and entertainment;.. It becomes easier for readers to relate to real-life places, than to imagine a fantasy world that enhance the general knowledge of readers
If during the trip the earth’s crust in momentum adventurous aura envelops the novel, and one after another many discoveries occur. one of the places in the novel Axel lost and alone in the dark to find his companions. in this situation, suddenly you hear uncle caller’s name, this is the moment when Verne’s famous use of the scientific phenomenon is called “acoustic effect ‘. Jules Verne will give more knowledge to further special effect with the following words:
“It is amazing acoustic effect is easily explained by the simple laws of nature, that arose from the particular shape of the gallery and the conductivity of the rock.”
Here we see that Verne explains the work of the scientific phenomenon, and he also gives further examples of the different places of the earth as a “whispering gallery St. Paul’s in London.” This makes it more convincible his ideas and concrete.
Verne creates a fantastic world under the earth, and shares a unique and daring adventures for readers. Scientific imagination reaches a high altitude, and the bar opens up new readers as introduce new ideas and opportunities. Journey to the Centre of the Earth makes readers Lidenbrock trip to the sea, which is “a huge surface of the water …”, and the entire coast were “tall, dense forest …”, which was a plantation of all ages, the medium tall trees and dense vegetation . Through the images of this forest you can explore the different ages of evolution, the primary plats and animals, as well as the growth of secondary vegetation. Readers accustomed to the idea that different races have lived on Earth and evolved and became as they are at present.
One of the characteristic features of science fiction novels to include a fantastic characters like aliens or monsters. And Travel Centre of the Earth contains an entire chapter devoted to the “Battle of monsters.” In the description of two sinister monsters that are half-lizard and a half whales. These monsters are fighting a fierce battle, and this increases the excitement of the novel.
The discovery of the human skeleton, the electronic violent storm, a huge variety of geysers and subterranean life bringing the beauty of the novel and keeps the reader engrossed in the end. Journey to the Centre of the Earth is not only academic knowledge, but also develops feel that the readers to ponder the scientific information and explore the different fields and discoveries in science. This book will increase people’s interest in subjects such as geology, geography and other sciences.
Even today remains the most anticipated Sci genre of literature. It has gained a lot of popularity because of the children and young people is challenging and exciting appeal. Many new writers appear in this genre, and adding to the world of literature. The popularity of the sci-fi easily be gauged by the fact that hundreds of films being made related to those such as Star Trek, Star Wars, ET, Frankenstein, Batman, and the list is endless! Therefore, the future of science fiction is a promising and safe.
Source by Arfa Zahid